A new constellation of parliament
During the Portuguese parliamentary elections which took place on 6 October 2019, one party emerged as the clear winner. The Partido Socialista (PS), the party of Portugal’s socialist Prime Minister António Costa, now represents the party with the most votes in the parliament at 36,7 %. With an increase of 4,7 % the PS gains 20 more mandates and now counts a total of 106 representatives. Nonetheless the party fails to achieve the absolute majority with 116 out of 230 mandates. Experts assume that a left-wing alliance will be continued. Due to the results the PS would now only need one supporting party to pursue this alliance.
The Partido Socialista owes its success to Portugal’s positive economic development during the last few years, which enabled António Costa to revoke some austerity measures of the previous government. He ensured that the pensions were adjusted to the inflation rate, taxes for low-wage workers were cut and the minimum wage was raised from 500 to 600 euros.
A look at the other parties shows far worse results. With a minus of 10,4 % the liberal-conservative Partido Social Democrata (PSD) looses 12 mandates and reaches a total of 77 representatives. Another clear loser of this election is the right-wing conservative Centro Democrático e Social – Partido Popular (CDS-PP), which now only counts five instead of 18 representatives. Four parties, however, caused a surprise by gaining entry into the parliament; the Pessoas-Animais-Natureza (PAN), which does not want to be pinned down on the left-right political spectrum, receives four mandates. The liberal party Iniciativa Liberal, which was founded two years ago and the left-wing party Livre receive one mandate each. Additionally a national populist party enters the Portuguese parliament for the first time in history; the in 2019 founded Chega! receives one mandate with 1,3 %.